Tribhuvandas luhar. He wrote many poems such as Namu. He was a revolutionary hero. He played a part in the independence struggle in India by sheer violence. She was one of the most significant figures Sant of the Vaishnava bhakti movement. Some 1, pads poems commonly known as bhajans sacred songs are attributed to her. These are popular throughout India and have been published in several translations worldwide.
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In the bhakti tradition, they are in passionate praise of Lord Krishna. In most of her poems she has described her unconditional love for her Lord. She has tried to give the message that Krishna bhakti is the best way to live life as it helps us forget our desires and this in turn helps us attain moksha liberation. Details of her life, which has been the subject of several films, are pieced together from her poetry and stories recounted by her community and are of debatable historical authenticity, particularly those that connect her with the later Tansen.
On the other hand, the traditions that make her a disciple of Guru Ravidas in Chittor, her association with Tulsidas and later interactions with Rupa Goswami in Vrindavan are consonant with the usual account of her life. Narsinh Mehta also known as Narsi Mehta or Narsi Bhagat — was a poet-saint of Gujarat, India, and a member of the Nagar community, notable as a bhakta, an exponent of Vaishnava poetry.
He lost his parents when he was 5 years old. He could not speak until the age of 8.
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In , he had discussed widow remarriage with religious leader Jadunathji Maharaj, which led to him becoming involved with the Maharaj Libel Case the next year. The case was filed by Jadunathji against writer Karsandas Mulji after the journalist published an article alleging sexual exploitation of women in his religious sect.
With the help of friends, he started a biweekly newsletter called Dandiyo , modeled after British weekly The Spectator, in September It was loudly reformist in its stand and attacked traditional customs of Hindu society.
It ran until when it was merged with The Sunday Review. On 18 January , his father died, aged He moved back to Surat in July and sheltered Savitagauri, a widow, in a neighbouring house. He published Narmagadya in September He was banished from his caste due to reform activities on 18 August but reinstated on 21 November The same year, he wrote his autobiographical work, Mari Hakikat , the first autobiography in Gujarati. He published Nayikavishaypravesh and Uttam Nayika dedicated to his then separated wife, Dahigauri. In early , he published Narmakavita , a poetry collection. He had debts of 10, that caused him great concern.
He married again in He published summaries of Ramayana , Mahabharata and Iliad in He published the school version of Narmagadya in and the edition for the government in He moved back again to Bombay in March , where he met Dayanand Saraswati, a reformist and founder of Arya Samaj, and started to become deeply religious.
He published the first dictionary of Gujarati language in March He founded Vedsarasvati in Sarasvatimandir of Surat on 16 April Aryanitidarshak Mandali performed his play Draupadi-Darshan in By he had become fully "believer" and performed Upanayana for his son that year. He wrote a play, Shri Sarshakuntal in which was performed. He published a translation of Bhagvad Gita in Although unhappy about breaking a resolve not to work for other people, he was forced due to financial difficulties into taking a position as a secretary to Gokuldas Tejpal Dharmakhata.
He wrote a play, Shri Balkrishnavijay in His health failing due to the stress of work starting a hostel, he left his job on 19 July After a prolonged eight month illness, he died of arthritis on 26 February in Bombay. Narmad is considered to be the founder of modern Gujarati literature.
Bigraphy & Autobiography
He introduced many creative forms of writing to the Gujarati language, including pioneering works in autobiography, poetry, lexicography, historical plays and folk literature research. He was an outspoken journalist and pamphleteer. Narmad was a strong opponent of religious fanaticism and orthodoxy. He promoted nationalism and patriotism with famous songs such as Sahu Chalo Jeetva Jang, wrote about self-government and discussed having one national language, Hundustani, for all of India, nearly five decades before Mahatma Gandhi or Nehru.
His poem Jai Jai Garavi Gujarat , written in the preface of Narmakosh , listed with a sense of pride all the cultural symbols that go into constituting the Gujarati identity. On his return, his Nagar community excommunicated him. Raval was born in Bhavnagar. He was hailed as kalaguru of Gujarat by social commentator Kaka Kalelkar.
Raval provided the much needed impetus to art and cultural activities in Gujarat. He founded the famous literary magazine called Kumar and was the lead contributor for the magazine Vismi Sadi. He was encouraged to pursue literature by Alexander Forbes, the magistrate in Ahmedabad who wanted to see Gujarati literature develop. Unlike Kavi Narmad, Dalpatram supported social reform.
He opposed child marriage and supported widow remarriage. He was among the first Gujarati poets to address subjects connected to common life. He worked with different genres of literature such as essay, novel, drama, and short story. Ranjitkruti Sangrah, a collection of his writings, were published posthumously in by K M Munshi.
Mahatma Gandhi called him the Rashtriya Shaayar national poet , a title that Rabindranath Tagore was officially conferred later. He came to Ahmedabad in the 17th century.
yuzu-washoku.com/components/2020-01-17/425.php His poetry satirized the way of life of his era.